Four major problems in China's food packaging mach

2022-08-15
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Four major problems in China's food packaging machinery industry

1 There is a big gap with foreign products

China's food and packaging machinery industry has made remarkable achievements in recent years, but there is still a 20-year technical gap compared with foreign products. The technical content of some packaging machinery products in China is not high, but many advanced technologies have been applied to packaging machinery abroad, such as remote control technology (including monitoring), stepping motor technology, automatic flexible compensation technology, laser cutting technology, information processing technology, etc. Domestic production is mostly single machine, while foreign production is mostly supporting, and few single machine sales. The reliability of products is poor, the speed of technology updating is slow, and the application of new technologies, new processes and new materials is few. China's food and packaging machinery has more single machines, less complete sets, more general-purpose models, less equipment that meets special requirements and special materials. There are many products with low technology content and few products with high technology added value and high productivity; Intelligent equipment is still in the development stage. The quality gap of China's food and packaging machinery products is mainly manifested in poor stability and reliability, backward modeling, rough appearance, short service life of basic parts and accessories, short trouble free operation time, short overhaul cycle, and the vast majority of products have not formulated reliability standards. At present, only 5% of China's food and packaging machinery has reached the level of foreign countries in the 1990s, and 20% of the failures. 2: the abnormality of the tensile testing machine during operation has reached the level of the 1980s, and 60% has reached the level of foreign countries in the 1970s. Compared with industrialized countries, China has 30% fewer varieties of food and packaging machinery products? D40%, the technical level lags behind by 20? D30

2 is scattered in six categories of new materials classified by the state, including special metal functional materials, high-end metal structural materials, advanced high molecular materials, new inorganic non-metallic materials, high-performance composites, and cutting-edge new materials The low-level duplication of food and packaging machinery industry refers to the phenomenon of repeatedly producing mechanical products with low cost, relatively backward process level and easy to manufacture, regardless of the requirements of industry development. At present, China's food and packaging machinery market is full of machinery products with low cost, relatively backward process level and easy to manufacture. If such a market environment cannot be improved for a long time, it will not be conducive to the upgrading of products in the whole industry. At present, there are no specific and accurate statistics. At present, about one fourth of the enterprises in the industry have low-level repeated production, and about 1000 enterprises that "lost their wealth" developing new materials are producing at a low level

there are more than 100 automatic sealing machines with relatively elementary technology in Wenzhou alone; There are still enterprises producing the code printer with simple process, and the production of hot code printer has been cancelled by the state at present; The electric baking machine has been very primitive, but there are still many manufacturers; Despite the problems of oil filtration and oil change, there are still manufacturers producing fried dough sticks because there are markets in rural areas and small towns; Filling and capping machinery and some primary products are still produced; The production of relatively primary dough pressing machines is also continuing. The main reasons for low-level repeated production are as follows: low-level products have low scientific and technological content, simple manufacturing process, and require less investment; The scientific research and innovation ability of enterprises is seriously insufficient, and the updating speed is too slow; Enterprises have not applied for patent protection for new products developed by themselves in time

if this low-level repetition is not controlled, low-level and low-grade products will be produced continuously, causing a great waste of resources; At the same time, a large number of such products flooded the market, resulting in the chaos of the machinery market, so that legitimate intellectual property rights can not be effectively protected, hindering the continuous upgrading and innovation of industrial products, and ultimately hindering the social and economic development

3. Insufficient development capacity

China's food and packaging machinery is mainly imitation and mapping, with a little localization improvement, there is no development and research. At present, the domestic investment in scientific research and development is relatively small. According to the regulations, the technical investment can account for 3% of the sales revenue, but most enterprises cannot do so. Our development means are backward. Now better enterprises have carried out the "plate rejection project", but few really use CAD. Lack of innovation in product development makes it difficult to improve. The production means are backward, and most of them are processed with obsolete general equipment. New product development is not only a small number, but also a long development cycle. In terms of enterprise management, it often pays attention to production and processing, ignores research and development, and innovation is not enough, so it can not provide products in time to keep up with market demand. Most enterprise technicians account for less than 10% of the total number of employees. Only a few enterprises can achieve an annual output value of more than 50million yuan

4. Weak awareness of intellectual property rights

China's food and packaging machinery industry is lack of awareness of intellectual property rights, and has not applied for patent rights for new products developed by itself in time to protect them. Often, a product of an enterprise has just been developed and put on the market, and other enterprises soon copied it. Thousands of enterprises have put the same device product on the market at the same time in a short time, and in the end, there is no developer of the device product at all; Or even if developers want to pursue other imitation manufacturers, they have to end up without applying for intellectual property protection. The upgrading speed of China's food and packaging machinery products is too slow to catch up with the speed of low waiping repeated production. Many enterprises are busy expanding the market for their existing products Busy copying and plagiarizing other people's equipment products, without considering how to upgrade mechanical products and how to realize technological innovation

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