In the first three quarters of the hottest season,

2022-08-01
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In the first three quarters, the operation was stable. The growth rate of industrial production stopped falling and turned to rising.

since this year, the operation of China's industrial economy has been generally stable. Although it fell back for a while, in the second half of the year, with the central government gradually putting in place a series of policies and measures to stabilize growth, adjust structure and promote reform, the downward pressure on industrial operation gradually eased, and the industrial economy showed a momentum of stabilization and improvement

on October 24, xiaochunquan, spokesman of the Ministry of industry and information technology and director of the Bureau of operation monitoring and coordination, pointed out at the press conference of the state information office that at present, the growth rate of China's industrial production has stopped falling and turned to rising, and the confidence of enterprises has increased. New progress has been made in transformation and upgrading, and the pulling effect of information consumption as a new economic growth point is becoming increasingly obvious

he said that in the fourth quarter, the Ministry of industry and information technology will continue to adhere to the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability, and earnestly implement policies and measures to resolve the contradiction of overcapacity, promote information consumption, and support the development of small and micro enterprises, so as to further consolidate the foundation for stability and improvement. Zhu Jun, deputy director of the communication development department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, also attended the press conference and answered questions

According to the statistics of the National Bureau of statistics, in the first three quarters, the added value of industries above designated size increased by 9.6% year-on-year, 0.3 percentage points faster than that in the first half of the year. 1、 Year on year growth of 9.5%, 9.1% and 10.1% respectively in the second and third quarters. According to the data, the growth rate of industrial production in the third quarter was significantly faster than that in the second quarter, and the industry has accelerated its recovery

in this regard, xiaochunquan pointed out that the growth picked up significantly in the third quarter. 6. In July, August and September, the growth rate was 8.9%, 9.7%, 10.4% and 10.2% respectively. The growth rate of industrial economy rebounded significantly, and the recovery momentum of some industries was relatively strong

in terms of benefits, in the first eight months of this year, industrial enterprises above Designated Size achieved a year-on-year increase of 12.8%, 1.7 percentage points faster than that in the first half of the year. In the same period of last year, industrial profits decreased by 3.1%, and the profit margin of main business income also increased by 0.1 percentage points year-on-year. From this point of view, although the operating conditions of the enterprise have not improved significantly, they have also improved

from the perspective of market prices, the year-on-year decline in the general level of ex factory prices of industrial producers has also narrowed in the past two months, and has rebounded for two consecutive months. In September, the purchasing managers' index of the manufacturing industry rose to 51.1%, which has rebounded for three consecutive months. Recently, the market confidence has increased significantly

xiaochunquan particularly stressed that despite the above positive changes, it should also be noted that the current effective demand, especially external demand, is still insufficient, the contradiction of overcapacity is still prominent, the overall situation of enterprise production and operation difficulties has not been fundamentally improved, and the foundation for the stabilization and recovery of the industrial economy is not very solid

therefore, in view of the problems and contradictions existing in the industry, the Ministry of industry and information technology will, in accordance with the general tone of seeking progress while maintaining stability, coordinate the relationship between steady growth, structural adjustment and promoting reform, so as to ensure the smooth operation of the industrial communication industry

2 the difficulties and contradictions of small and micro enterprises are still prominent

after a comprehensive analysis of the operation data, xiaochunquan pointed out that although the recent macroeconomic data has rebounded, from the micro level, the indicators of some enterprises have not been significantly improved, especially the production difficulties of small and micro enterprises are still very prominent

according to the statistics of small and medium-sized enterprises above Designated Size by the National Bureau of statistics, the added value in the first three quarters increased by 11.6% year-on-year, down 0.7 percentage points from the same period of the previous year. In September, the purchasing economic index of the manufacturing industry of small enterprises was 48.8%, which has fallen for two consecutive months, and has been running below the critical value of 50% for 17 consecutive months. Due to the large number of labor-intensive enterprises, the labor cost of small and micro enterprises has risen. In addition, the cost of enterprises has risen rapidly due to the five insurances and one fund related to the labor cost. Although the factory price of the whole society, including the price of bulk raw materials, is falling, it does not have a great impact on the enterprises whose energy conservation and pollution prevention tasks are particularly urgent in the process of small and micro plastic granulators. In addition, there is the problem that small and micro enterprises are difficult to finance when the vanadium price is high, and there is still no obvious change. The accounts receivable of some small and micro enterprises are growing rapidly, resulting in the tension of the current capital chain. These problems should be paid great attention by relevant departments

xiaochunquan said that the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have always attached great importance to solving the difficulties of small and micro enterprises. Last year, the State Council issued a document specifically supporting the development of small and micro enterprises, namely the opinions on further supporting the healthy development of small and micro enterprises. Paolo ferrabol, director of all relevant departments and laboratories, said through interconnection and IOT: our unique feature is that rapid experiment and design are also being conscientiously implemented by local governments. At present, a total of 60 policy documents have been issued. More than 30 provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions and cities specifically designated in the state plan have issued specific implementation opinions for implementation in combination with local actual conditions, Some provinces and cities have also included the development of small and micro enterprises in the scope of the annual assessment of the government

next, the Ministry of industry and information technology will strengthen policy coordination, pay close attention to the implementation of a series of document policies related to the healthy development of small and micro enterprises, and focus on improving fiscal and tax policies, alleviating financing difficulties, reducing the burden on enterprises, promoting transformation and upgrading, and promoting Entrepreneurship and innovation. At the same time, we will carry out in-depth special actions to help small and micro enterprises, and strive to achieve the healthy, peaceful and stable development of small and micro enterprises

3 the operation differentiation of the industrial industry is relatively obvious.

from the perspective of the industry added value this year, the automobile and instrument in the iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials, light industry, electronics and machinery industries have a relatively fast growth rate of more than 10%. However, the energy sector, such as coal, petroleum, petrochemical and electric power, has a relatively low growth rate. Other industries are in between. From the perspective of profit composition, the profit differentiation of good industries this year is also very serious, with relatively large differentiation

xiaochunquan pointed out that at this stage, China's industrial production technology is gradually maturing, and the overall production capacity has been greatly improved. In this case, some industries, inter industries, upstream and downstream industries have experienced some differentiation, most of which is due to changes in external conditions, resulting in overproduction and differentiation within the industry. Comprehensive analysis mainly includes four factors:

first, the fluctuation of coal price. At the beginning of last year, the coal price of 5500 kcal in Qinhuangdao was 780 yuan per ton, but now it is 530 yuan, down nearly 1/3. The sharp decline of coal price does not have a great impact on the overall profits of the whole industry, but it has a great impact on the profit distribution within the whole industry. This year, the cement price is not high, but the profit margin has increased, and the building materials industry has turned losses into profits, which is a benefit from the coal price

second, the impact of labor price. In recent years, the labor cost in many provinces has been rising. The situation varies from province to province, about 17% to 20%. Although the price of bulk raw materials, such as coal, has dropped, for labor-intensive industries, such as light industry, food industry and software industry, the price of raw materials for such enterprises has dropped, and the energy price has little positive impact on them. On the contrary, the rise of labor costs has a great impact on them. As soon as the cost of an enterprise rises, it either eats up the profits of the enterprise or drives up the price of products. CPI is relatively high recently, which is related to this factor

thirdly, from the perspective of enterprise operation, some enterprises, seeing the current situation of product supply exceeding demand, actively explore new markets, actively develop new products, strive to create new demand, strive to do a good job in transformation and upgrading, grasp scientific and technological progress, and avoid excessive competition with other similar enterprises in the same category of products. The production and operation of such enterprises are also relatively good

fourth, the degree of overcapacity is different, which also has a great impact on differentiation. Whether it is between industries or upstream and downstream industries, the overcapacity is not significant, or the overcapacity is not much. The production and operation of such enterprises is relatively good. The more serious the surplus is, the more difficult it is for such enterprises to produce and operate

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